As we have reviewed in Essential Doctrine, there are non-essential doctrines as well. These are given as a reference, as the general consensus of Christians believe.
The Holy Bible
The Holy Bible is the relevant, inspired, infallible, inerrant, and complete Word of God, which is given unto man for teaching, reproof, correction, training in righteousness so that we may be throughly furnished and equipped for every good work (Matthew 5:18; 2 Timothy 3:16-17). It was written by individuals divinely inspired, both the Old Testament and the New Testament, and is the one and only infallible, trustworthy, authoritative doctrine and rule for life and faith (2 Peter 1:21). The only trusted Scriptures in the New Testament are the eyewitnesses of Jesus Christ’s life and ministry, trial, death, burial, resurrection, and ascension. The Roman Catholic Apocrypha and other apocryphal texts (including lost gospels) are not inspired Scriptures and are not part of the Holy Bible Canon (as they contain far too many false teachings and are not cited by OT & NT writers). Lastly, The Holy Bible is usually taken literally, except for some obvious symbolism.
Free Will of Humans
Free Will is the ability of a conscious being to be able to make choices that are not controlled, coded, or coerced. All people have free will and are able to exercise it according to how it is seen in Scripture (1 Corinthians 2:14; Romans 6:14-20). Choices from free will require the ability of attentiveness of choices made, to which it does not require the option of choosing between good and bad.
=> The Church are God’s Believers in the earth
Celebrations (some call these Ordinances and/or Sacraments)
Baptism: Some people would like to participate in water baptism, even though it is not required for Salvation (see Essential Doctrine above). It is allowed for a believer to participate in this, and it represents an outward sign of an inward act of the washing away of sin. Water baptism for a Christian does not wash away his sins, for only Christ Jesus can do that.
Communion (also called The Eucharist, The Lord’s Supper): Believers may celebrate the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ by partaking in a communion meal. This is usually done by consuming some kind of flat bread and drinking of wine or juice. The bread is a symbol of His Body, which was beaten during His crucifixion, and the wine or juice is His Blood, which was shed during the crucifixion – all for the remission of sins. Doing the communion experience does not remit sins, it only celebrates that Jesus has done this for us by suffering in the crucifixion for our sake.
Foot washing: Some believers like to wash each other’s feet. Before shoes were invented, people’s feet would become unbelievable dirty from the streets and ground. Washing the feet was difficult for some people, especially if they were overweight, infirm, or had a condition where they could not properly wash their feet well. It was a relief for somebody else to wash their feet. However, foot washing was done by the humble. Jesus demonstrated humility by washing of the disciples’ feet. Therefore, this can be practiced in a similar way not only to celebrate how Jesus had done so, but also to demonstrate humility to serve our brethren. Many times this is done after Communion, just as Christ did for the Disciples, wherein we wash one another’s feet just as it is declared in John 13:14. This is not a necessity. If a person declines to have their feet washed, it does not make them more or less a follower. The same for those that refuse to wash another’s feet, it does not make them more or less a follower.
Prayer, Intercession, Anointing of the Sick: We believe in prayer for the sick, prayer for deliverance, the laying on of hands, the Anointing with Holy Oil, other anointings without oil, and intercession of the Spirit (Mark 16:18, James 5:14-15, Romans 8:26). These activities do not make someone more or less holy.
Holy Orders or Ordination (Acts 14:23; 20:28; Ephesians 4:11)
Matrimony or Marriage (Hebrews 13:4; Matthew 19:3-6; Genesis 2:24; 1 Corinthians 6:16; 7:10-11)
Missions work (not a celebration as much as is a ministry): Regarding Missions, there are many things to note. First, a missionary is a servant of Christ who is called to proclaim the Gospel in obedience to the Great Commission (Matthew 28:18-20). Many people should attempt to take the Gospel to places where it has not been heard or that do not have access to resources or churches (Romans 15:19-23). Missions ministry is the task of taking the Gospel beyond the influence of the church to evangelize and instruct people in the Word of God – especially those who have had little to no opportunity to serve the Lord. Second, the missionary needs to have a motivation to express genuine love to people anywhere; to encourage them, to help them, to show them that they matter, and that God loves them! (Romans 9:1-5; 10:1). Missionaries, similar to other spiritual leaders or those called, are representatives of God and need to honor God in every respect of what they do. This should be a committed call as well, where missionaries recognize their worth in the ministry and do their best to bring excellence to the body of Christ.
There is a spiritual realm of angels and demons. Angels serve God and carry out His Will; however, demons are fallen angels (2 Peter 2:4; Jude 6), to which we believe in the existence and personality of satan and demons. The devil or satan is a fallen angel who led a group of angels in rebellion against God (Isaiah 14:12-17; Ezekiel 28:12-15). He is the great enemy of God and man, and the demons are his servants in evil. He and his demons will be eternally punished in the lake of fire (2 Peter 2:4; Matthew 25:41; Revelation 20:10). Christians cannot be demon possessed (1 John 4:4; Matthew 12:43-45; 1 Corinthians 6:20); however, demons can attempt to harm and afflict any person (Christian or not), which is known as demonic oppression (Ephesians 6:12;). We have spiritual authority over such things and can deliver and heal people (1 John 4:4; Mark 3:15; Luke 10:9, 17, 19-20; 1 Corinthians 3:9). All of the gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit are intended for the body of believers during this age. (1 Corinthians 12:4-11) The atonement in Jesus Christ includes both spiritual and physical healing (1 Peter 2:24; Isaiah 53:5; Psalm 103:3).
Marriage & Morality
Marriage is to be between one man and one woman (1 Corinthians 7:2; . Acts involving homosexuality, (even lesbianism, bisexuality, trans-genderism, etc.) just as other sins are spoken against in Scripture (Romans 1:26-2:16; 1 Corinthians 6:9-10); however, repentance is available for such things (1 Corinthians 6:15-20; 2 Peter 3:9; Proverb 28:13; 2 Chronicles 7:14; 1 John 1:9; James 4:8-10; 2 Corinthians 7:9-11) and everyone matters in the Church regardless of their past (Galatians 3:28). Our ministry does not condone such practices; however, we do not persecute or hate anyone that sins (Matthew 5:44; 7:12; Mark 12:31; 1 Timothy 1:5; 4:12; James 2:8; 2 Corinthians 7:9-11; indirectly Proverbs 6:16-19).
God Created the universe and all that is within it by His Creative Effort (Genesis 1-2; Exodus 20:11 Hebrews 1:10; Isaiah 42:5). He brought the universe into existence by His Will (Hebrews 11:3; Colossians 1:16 Revelation 4:11), and we acknowledge that Adam and Eve were real people created by God (Genesis 3-4; indirectly Genesis 1-2; 1 Corinthians 15:22; 2 Corinthians 11:3; Romans 5:12; .Evolution theories are not affirmed by our ministry. Overall, humans did not evolve from other species into our present condition, because, unlike other species, we humans have a spirit. Humans alone have a spirit according to Genesis 2:7. This sets us apart from any evolutionary theory. God didn’t guide evolution of species, by which humanity, the animal kingdom, or the plant kingdom was developed (John 1:3; Genesis 1:26; Romans 1:20-27. The general theory of evolution is unscriptural and counter-factual (Colossians 2:8; 2 Peter 3:3-6).
False Teachers, False Teachings, Heretics, Heresy
Heresy is any doctrine that deviates from the historical, Orthodox, and Biblical position of the Christian Church through Church History judged by a Biblical perspective. Some heresies are damnable, such as denying the deity of Christ, denying Christ’s physical Resurrection, and denying justification by grace through faith (Mark 8:38; 2 Timothy 1:8; 2:12; Titus 1:16; 2 Peter 2:1; 1 John 2:22-23; Matthew 10:33; . Some heresies do not appear damnable, such as advocating women pastors, practicing polygamy (1 Corinthians 7:2), divorcing your spouse for convenience’s sake (1 Corinthians 7:10-17); differences of opinions (1 Peter 3:15-16; Colossians 2; 3:8), such as eating or not eating meats (1 Timothy 4:3-5), worship on Saturdays or Sundays, etc.Christians should promote the truth of Christianity by correcting false teachings and refuting error (2 Timothy 2:25; 1 Peter 3:15). If Christians do not see the Bible as infallible, inerrant, and inspired (2 Timothy 3:16), they can possibly open themselves up to more error and heresies (2 Peter 2:1-2). We must defend the truth with all diligence (Ephesians 5:11; Jude 3-4; 1 Peter 3:15; Psalms 119:41-42; 1 John 4:1).Christians are to live in the world as examples of godliness, and not participate in sinful passions of the world. They must ensure Christ is glorified at all times (1 John 2:6; 1 Corinthians 11:1 Romans 8:2-8).
The Book of Revelation/Eschatology/Apocalypse
Anti-Christian type persecutions and divine judgments on such persecutors have transpired recurrently through church history, and will continue its repeat until Jesus Christ returns to complete the Judgments. From the first century to the present age, Christians have won versus the forces of the antichrist through Christ’s victory on the cross (Revelation 12:11; 21:4-6); however, the final victory will be when Jesus Christ returns to judge and rid evil, judge and reward His people, and usher in the eternal age of righteousness, peace, and joy and no more tears (Revelation 1:5-7; 19:13-16; 22:1-5,12-14). The exact process at which judgment will be carried out including the order of things is unclear in Scripture, for we have seen many of the judgments mentioned in Revelation in our society over the past 2,000 years. For example, as of May 2020, there are billions of acres eaten by locusts in and near the Middle East/Europe. Therefore, Man cannot properly interpret the Book of Revelation… This is all that can be unambiguous based on actual Biblical evidence, for an Angel or Holy Man of God has not interpreted most of the symbols in the book as other prophecies have tended to do. We are warned not to add or modify the words of Revelation or try to interpret by adding or changing the wording to say something it does not say or mean (Revelation 22:18).
What about evil, the devil, satan, demons? satan, an enemy of God, has attempted and will continue to attempt to deceive the world into worshiping him, and will succeed and brand them with a mark to keep them from receiving eternal life (Revelation 13-14). satan will eventually be judged and thrown into the Lake of Fire (Revelation 19-20). God has His witnesses, His People, who will proclaim the Gospel of Jesus Christ to encourage Salvation, in which those who are Saved will receive the Holy Spirit as mark (Matthew 24:14). Those who believe upon the Lord and are Saved will be judged and rewarded to be given over to Heaven to dwell with the Lord eternally. Those who are condemned will be judged and punished to be given over to Hell and eventually the Lake of Fire eternally.