Since God created humanity for love – to love God and love people. Knowing God will allow us to learn more about loving Him. Much of what we learn about God is what we derive from the work of the Holy Spirit, and through the revealed Word of God. We expect the Word of God to be very useful in this discussion on the attributes of God.
Triune and One
While God is One, He is also triune. This may seem odd, but this is true. Although a complicated way to explain, it can be understood. We know God is One (Deuteronomy 6:4). There is no one like our God, and He is the only One worthy of praise. God is also One that exists in three persons: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
There is One God, in whom are three eternal, diverse, and simultaneous persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ, the Word of God), and God the Spirit (The Holy Ghost or The Holy Spirit). All three are the One God, co-eternal and coequal, and yet; there is only One God (not three gods). He is not one person who took three types, offices, or forms; rather, He manifests His Power in the Trinity to work His Purposes specifically. These specific purposes are found in each part of the Godhead (Trinity) (Isaiah 44:6-8; 45:5; Genesis 1:26-27; 3:22; Matthew 3:17; 28:19; Luke 9:35; 2 Corinthians 13:14).
Transcendent and Infinite
Transcendent means that God is beyond the universe, as well as our intelligence and imagination. We as people naturally have limits to how far our understanding of God can be, and that God is not connected with the created universe. He is outside the universe, and His Face is hidden from people (Psalm 13:1; 22:24; Isaiah 8:17).
God is also beyond our understanding because He is infinite. This means that God is above our standards, and is wise, and infinitely gracious. God has no limits since He is beyond all limits (Job 42:2; I Kings 8:27; Job 5:9; Psalm 145:3).
Eternal and Creator
God is the only Absolute Being with no gods before or after Him in all existence (Isaiah 42:5; 43:10-11; 44:6-8; 1 Timothy 1:17). He has always been God the only true God (John 17:3), and never anything else (Psalm 90:2) – He is Eternal (Isaiah 57:15; Psalm 90:2; 1 Timothy 1:17). By God, all things were Created (Isaiah 40:12, 22, 26).
God is not limited by space (or time for that matter). He is present everywhere: all around us, within us, and is always accessible. He never leaves our side, and we can never hide from Him (Joshua 1:5; Psalm 33:13; 139:7-12; Jeremiah 23:24).
When we say God is immutable, we mean that He never changes. He will never become evil, weak, hateful, or cruel. No matter the case, we can depend on God to always remain the same! God’s Nature is reliable and trustworthy. We worship a truly awesome God.
Attributes Christians share with God
|Loving||1 John 4:8; 4:19; Jeremiah 31:3; John 3:16; 13:34; Romans 5:8|
|Holy||Leviticus 19:2; Psalm 99:9; Isaiah 6:3; 1 Peter 1:15|
|Good||Psalm 25:8; 145:9; Nahum 1:7; Romans 2:4|
|Just||Zephaniah 3:5; Psalm 33:5; 97:1-3; Isaiah 42:1|
|Jealous||Exodus 34:14; Deuteronomy 4:24; Zechariah 8:2; James 4:5|
|Merciful||Deuteronomy 4:31; Nehemiah 9:31; Daniel 9:9; Romans 9:14-18|
|Sovereign (authority)||2 Samuel 7:22; Psalm 33:8-11; Isaiah 46:9-11; Daniel 4:32-35|
|Omnipotent (powerful)||2 Corinthians 4:13-14; Philippians 3:10; 1 Peter 1:5; Genesis 18:13-14; Isaiah 40:25-26; Jeremiah 32:17|
|Knowledgeable||Hebrews 4:13; 1 Samuel 2:3; Psalm 139:1-6; 147:5; 1 John 3:20|
|Patient||Exodus 34:6; Psalm 86:15; Jonah 4:2; 2 Peter 3:8-9|
|Faithful||1 Kings 8:56; Deuteronomy 7:9; Psalm 57:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:24|
|Spirit||John 1:18; 4:24; Acts 17:24; 2 Corinthians 3:17; 1 Timothy 1:17; 6:16|