Bible History

Guide to Textus Receptus type Bibles

The Textus Receptus is one of the manuscripts used to create the widely known King James Version Bible, and also the New King James Version Bible. It is the name given to a series of Byzantine-based Greek texts that were generally printed from 1500-1900. However, there are other Bibles based off of this manuscript that can be trusted much more than other translations. The Masoretic text and Textus Receptus are two of the most trusted Biblical manuscripts we have in the world today. The Masoretic Text, the one obtained from the Masoretes, is the basis used for the Old Testament, and the Textus Receptus is traditionally used for the New Testament.

The following is a list of acceptable Textus Receptus manuscripts (they are in Greek):

  • Desiderius Erasmus (5 editions from 1516-1535)
  • Robert Estienne (4 editions from 1546-1551)
  • Theodore Beza (9 editions from 1565-1604)
  • The House of Elzevir (4 editions from 1624-1679)
  • FHA Scrivener (1894)

The following are the English Bibles created from this good manuscript:

  • Tyndale NT (1534)
  • Coverdale (1535)
  • Matthew’s (1537)
  • The Great Bible (1539)
  • Geneva (1560)
  • Bishops (1568)
  • King James Version (1611 – original; 1769/1791 – revised)
  • Webster’s (1833)
  • Young’s Literal Translation (1862)
  • Julia E Smith (1876)
  • JP Green’s Literal (1993)
  • Revised Young’s Literal Translation New Testament (2000)
  • King James Bible NT 2016

The following is a list of works that agree with the Textus Receptus:

  • Peshitta (150 AD)
  • Old Latin Vulgate (157 AD)
  • The Italic Bible (157 AD)
  • The early church fathers (e.g. Peter, Paul, James, John, etc.) have made statements, in which the Textus Receptus has agreement with (where things said by these church fathers are in close alignment with how the TR reads).
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